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Convictions of the Heart
Jim Corbett and the Sanctuary Movement
By Miriam Davidson
187 pp. / 5.50 in x 8.50 in / 1988
Cloth (978-0-8165-1034-4) [s]

The death of twenty-one Salvadoran refugees in the Arizona desert in 1980 made many Americans aware for the first time that people were struggling?and dying?to find political asylum in the United
A moving story of the work of the sanctuary movement, and particularly of Jim Corbett's role in it, culminating in the federal trial that convicted many of its minions for bringing illegal aliens across the southwest border. . . . Davidson relates this tale with all the skill of a John McPhee.

—Kirkus Reviews

An inspiring story told efficiently and intelligently.


No matter how a reader feels about the sanctuary movement, Davidson's book is a thoughtful and interesting log of how it developed.

—California Lawyer

States. Tucsonan Jim Corbett first encountered the problem while attempting to help a hitchhiking refugee. What came of that act of altruism was a movement that spread across the country, challenged the federal government, and brought the refugee problem to national awareness.Corbett first worked within the law to help refugees process applications for asylum, but the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service soon began a program of arrests; then he began to smuggle refugees from the Mexican border to the homes of citizens willing to provide shelter, making hundreds of trips over the next two years; finally he enlisted the support of the Tucson Ecumenical Council and persuaded John Fife, pastor of the Southside Presbyterian Church, to open that building as a refuge. When legal action against Corbett and the others seemed imminent, Southside became, on March 24, 1982, the first of two hundred churches in the country to declare itself a sanctuary. Convictions of the Heart takes readers inside the santuary movement to reveal its founders' motives and underlying beliefs, and inside the courtroom to describe the government's efforts to stop it. Although the book addresses many points of view, its primary focus is on the philosophy of Jim Corbett. Rooted in the nonviolence of Gandhi, the Society of Friends, and Martin Luther King, Corbett's beliefs challenged individuals and communities of faith across the country to examine the strength of their commitment to the needs and rights of others.

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