Cities are often thought to be separate from nature, but recent trends in ecocriticism demand that we consider them as part of the total environment. This new collection of essays sharpens the focus
on the nature of cities by exploring the facets of an urban ecocriticism, by reminding city dwellers of their place in ecosystems, and by emphasizing the importance of this connection in understanding
urban life and culture.
Successfully establish[es] that the interactions of culture and nature in cities and suburbs are as rich and significant as those in rural and wild places. . . . This collection spans an impressive range of time periods, genres, and issues, and in so doing provides a variety of voices and perspectives that convincingly illustrate the importance of the urban ecocritical approach.
The editors—both raised in small towns but now living in major urban areas—are especially concerned with the sociopolitical construction of all environments,
both natural and manmade. Following an opening interview with Andrew Ross exploring the general parameters of urban ecocriticism, they present essays that explore urban nature writing, city parks,
urban "wilderness," ecofeminism and the city, and urban space. The volume includes contributions on topics as wide-ranging as the urban poetry of English writers from Donne to Gay, the manufactured
wildness of a gambling casino, and the marketing of cosmetics to urban women by idealizing Third World "naturalness."
These essays seek to reconceive nature and its cultural
representations in ways that contribute to understanding the contemporary cityscape. They explore the theoretical issues that arise when one attempts to adopt and adapt an environmental perspective
for analyzing urban life. The Nature of Cities offers the ecological component often missing from cultural analyses of the city and the urban perspective often lacking in environmental
approaches to contemporary culture. By bridging the historical gap between environmentalism, cultural studies, and urban experience, the book makes a statement of lasting importance to the development
of the ecocritical movement.
Part 1—The Nature of Cities
1. Urban Ecocriticism: An Introduction, Michael Bennett & David Teague
2. The Social Claim on Urban
Ecology, Andrew Ross (interviewed by Michael Bennett)
Part 2—Urban Nature Writing
3. London Here and Now: Walking, Streets, and Urban Environments in English Poetry from Donne to Gay,
4. "All Things Natural Are Strange": Audre Lorde, Urban Nature, and Cultural Place, Kathleen R. Wallace
5. Inculcating Wildness: Ecocomposition, Nature Writing, and the Regreening
of the American Suburb, Terrell Dixon
Part 3—City Parks
6. Writers and Dilettantes: Central Park and the Literary Origins of Antebellum Urban Nature, Adam W. Sweeting
Postindustrial Park or Bourgeois Playground? Preservation and Urban Restructuring at Seattle's Gas Works Park, Richard Heyman
Part 4—Urban "Wilderness"
8. Boyz in the Woods: Urban
Wilderness in American Cinema, Andrew Light
9. Central High and the Suburban Landscape: The Ecology of White Flight, David Teague
10. Manufacturing the Ghetto: Anti-urbanism and the
Spatialization of Race, Michael Bennett
Part 5—Ecofeminism and the City
11. An Ecofeminist Perspective on the Urban Environment, Catherine Villanueva Gardner
12. "You Make Me Feel
Like a Natural Woman": The Political Economy of Contemporary Cosmetics Discourse, Laura L. Sullivan
Part 6—Theorizing Urban Space
13. Darwin's City, or Life Underground: Evolution,
Progress, and the Shapes of Things to Come, Joanne Gottlieb
14. Nature in the Apartment: Humans, Pets, and the Value of Incommensurability, David R. Shumway
15. Cosmology in the Casino:
Simulacra of Nature in the Interiorized Wilderness, Michael P. Branch