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The Underground Heart
A Return to a Hidden Landscape
By Ray Gonzalez
186 pp. / 6.00 in x 9.00 in / 2002
Paper (978-0-8165-2034-3)
  - Camino del Sol

Related Interest
  - Literature and Essays

Returning home after a long absence is not always easy. For Ray Gonzalez, it is more than a visit; it is a journey to the underground heart. He has lived in other parts of the country for more
Border Regional Library Association honors Ray Gonzalez for lifetime contributions to literature of the Southwest!

The Underground Heart has won the Carr P. Collins Award from the Texas Institute of Letters, was named one of ten 'Best Southwest Books of the Year' by Southwest Books of the Year, a project sponsored by the Tucson-Pima Public Library, and was chosen as one of the Best Non-fiction Books of the Year by the Rocky Mountain News

Expatriate southwesterner Gonzalez returns to his stomping grounds to expatiate with passion and wisdom on rattlers, nuclear weapons, poverty, Chicano culture, cave drawings, the Alamo, and scorpions. . . . Powerful, poetic, troubling.

—Kirkus Reviews

Gonzalez finds catharsis in meticulously detailed descriptions, a quietly evocative approach that slowly and devastatingly reveals the paradoxical strangeness of what has become our everyday world.


than twenty years, but this award-winning poet now returns to the desert Southwest—a native son playing tourist—in order to unearth the hidden landscapes of family and race. As Gonzalez drives the highways of New Mexico and west Texas, he shows us a border culture rejuvenated by tourist and trade dollars, one that will surprise readers for whom the border means only illegal immigration, NAFTA, and the drug trade.

Played out against a soundtrack of the Allman Brothers and The Doors, The Underground Heart takes readers on a trip through a seemingly barren landscape that teems with life and stories. Gonzalez witnesses Minnesotans experiencing culture shock while attending a college football game in El Paso; he finds a proliferation of Pancho Villa death masks housed at different museums; he revisits Carlsbad Caverns, discovering unsuspected beauty beneath the desert's desolation; and he takes us shopping at El Mercado—where tourists can buy everything from black velvet paintings of Elvis (or Jesus, or JFK) to Mexican flag underwear.

From "nuclear tourism" in New Mexico to "heritage tourism" in the restored missions of San Antonio, Gonzalez goes behind the slogans of The Land of Enchantment and The Lone Star State to uncover a totally different Southwest. Here are tourist centers that give a distorted view of southwestern life to outsiders, who leave their dollars in museum gift shops and go home weighed down with pounds of Indian jewelry around their necks. Here border history is the story of one culture overlaid on another, re-forming itself into a whole new civilization on the banks of the Rio Grande.

The Underground Heart is a book brimming with subtle ironies and insights both quiet and complex—one which recognizes that sometimes one must go away and grow older to finally recognize home as a life-giving, spiritually sustaining place. As Gonzalez rediscovers the land of his past, he comes to understand the hyper, bilingual atmosphere of its future. And in the Southwest he describes, readers may catch a glimpse of their own hidden landscapes of home.

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