In 1853, a survey team under Amiel W. Whipple set out for California from Fort Smith, Arkansas, in search of a transcontinental railroad route. In addition to studying the engineering obstacles for
the railroad, the party collected natural history specimens in this unexplored and dangerous corner of America—and when the expedition entered New Mexico, it requested an additional military escort
to guard against hostile Indians.
[Tidball] does not simply edit and annotate the original records, a diary, and a later memoir; with quotations, paraphrases, and his own observations, he makes a readable narrative of it.
—Western Historical Quarterly
An 1848 West Point graduate, Lt. John C. Tidball had only recently arrived at Fort Defiance in New Mexico, when he received his orders to join the
surveying party. Although his official duties were strictly military, Tidball began sketching as soon as he joined the expedition, and his talents made him an indispensable member of Whipple's
This book offers a new look at the Whipple expedition through the lens of a newly discovered manuscript of Tidball's memoirs—the only firsthand account of the 35th
parallel survey to be discovered in nearly thirty years. Soldier-Artist of the Great Reconnaissance includes much of the material from this manuscript, giving us John Tidball's pungent
observations on the journey as well as striking examples of his artwork. Melding the observations of several diarists—which sometimes presented opposing viewpoints—author Eugene Tidball offers a
new perspective on the Whipple expedition that focuses on the diverse personalities of the party and on the Native Americans they encountered along the way.
The Pacific Railroad Surveys
were among the most important explorations of North America ever undertaken. Eugene Tidball's account of this journey tells how the artistic and literary contributions of John Tidball, his distant
cousin, enrich our understanding of what the survey party saw and thought as they crossed the continent. Soldier-Artist of the Great Reconnaissance recaptures the Whipple expedition's trials
and triumphs as it documents the unusual talents of one of its most versatile members.