Among ancient Mesoamerican and Southwestern peoples, water was as essential as maize for sustenance and was a driving force in the development of complex society. Control of water shaped the
political, economic, and religious landscape of the ancient Americas, yet it is often overlooked in Precolumbian studies. Now one volume offers the latest thinking on water systems and their place
within the ancient physical and mental language of the region.
This excellent volume illuminates the importance of water management to understanding the past...
—Journal of Anthropological Research
Precolumbian Water Management examines water management from both economic and symbolic perspectives. Water
management facilities, settlement patterns, shrines, and water-related imagery associated with civic-ceremonial and residential architecture provide evidence that water systems pervade all aspects of
ancient society. Through analysis of such data, the contributors seek to combine an understanding of imagery and the religious aspects of water with its functional components, thereby presenting a
unified perspective of how water was conceived, used, and represented in ancient greater Mesoamerica.
The collection boasts broad chronological and geographical coverage—from the
irrigation networks of Teotihuacan to the use of ritual water technology at Casas Grandes—that shows how procurement and storage systems were adapted to local conditions. The articles consider the
mechanisms that were used to build upon the sacredness of water to enhance political authority through time and space and show that water was not merely an essential natural resource but an important
spiritual one as well, and that its manipulation was socially far more complex than might appear at first glance.
As these papers reveal, an understanding of materials associated with
water can contribute much to the ways that archaeologists study ancient cultural systems. Precolumbian Water Management underscores the importance of water management research and the need to
include it in archaeological projects of all types.