In this enlightening book, the well-known historian William Beezley contends that a Mexican national identity was forged during the nineteenth century not by a self-anointed elite but rather by a
disparate mix of ordinary people and everyday events. In examining independence festivals, children's games, annual almanacs, and the performances of itinerant puppet theaters, Beezley argues that
these seemingly unrelated and commonplace occurrences—not the far more self-conscious and organized efforts of politicians, teachers, and others—created a far-reaching sense of a new nation.
Beezley has unearthed new sources and approached the entire study of nationalism in an innovative fashion. Mexican National Identity
adds immensely to contemporary scholarship on nineteenth-century Latin America, not just Mexico.
—Linda Curcio-Nagy, author of The Great Festivals of Colonial Mexico City: Performing Power and Identity
Beezley's approach is unique, even daring. Mexican National Identity is organized, well written, deeply researched, and coherent. It offers a mature analysis of Mexican popular culture and will stand as a benchmark for scholars working in the field for years to come.
—Andrew Grant Wood, editor of On the Border: Society and Culture between the United States and Mexico
In the century that followed Mexico's independence from Spain in 1821, Beezley maintains, sentiments of nationality were promulgated by people who were concerned not with the promotion of
nationalism but with something far more immediate—the need to earn a living. These peddlers, vendors, actors, artisans, writers, publishers, and puppeteers sought widespread popular appeal so that
they could earn money. According to Beezley, they constantly refined their performances, as well as the symbols and images they employed, in order to secure larger revenues. Gradually they discovered
the stories, acts, and products that attracted the largest numbers of paying customers. As Beezley convincingly asserts, out of "what sold to the masses" a collective national identity slowly emerged.
Mexican National Identity makes an important contribution to the growing body of literature that explores the influences of popular culture on issues of national identity. By looking
at identity as it was fashioned "in the streets," it opens new avenues for exploring identity formation more generally, not just in Mexico and Latin American countries but in every nation.