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For Tranquility and Order
Family and Community on Mexico's Northern Frontier, 1800-1850
By Laura M. Shelton
224 pp. / 6.00 in x 9.00 in / 2010
Cloth (978-0-8165-2807-3) [s]
Related Interest
  - Latin American Studies

On Mexico's northwestern frontier, judicial conflicts unfolded against a backdrop of armed resistance and ethnic violence. In the face of Apache raids in the north and Yaqui and Mayo revolts in the
Shelton offers a persuasive argument for the centrality of family and community in the liberal state-building process in early republican Mexico. Her use of legal records—criminal suits, civil cases, and the like—allows us to understand the complex nature of the transition from colony to liberal republic.

—The Americas

An intriguing look at what the legal records reveal about various aspects of Sonoran life dur­ing the early republic period.

—SMRC Revista

A key contribution of this volume is the use of court cases involving non-elites to show how elites shaped republican institutions and definitions of citizenship. The research is truly original.

—Susan M. Deeds, co-author of The Course of Mexican History

A richly nuanced examination of the intersection of family life and shifting legal structures in the north of New Spain and Mexico.

—Mark Overmyer-Velázquez, editor of Latino America: A State-by-State Encyclopedia

south, domestic disputes involving children, wives, and servants were easily conflated with ethnic rebellion and "barbarous" threats. A wife's adulterous liaison, a daughter's elopement, or a nephew's enraged assault shook the very foundation of what it meant to be civilized at a time when communities saw themselves under siege.

Laura Shelton has plumbed the legal archives of early Sonora to reveal the extent to which both court officials and quarreling relatives imagined connections between gender hierarchies and civilized order. As she describes how the region's nascent legal system became the institution through which spouses, parents, children, employers, and servants settled disputes over everything from custody to assault to debt, she reveals how these daily encounters between men and women in the local courts contributed to the formation of republican governance on Mexico's northwestern frontier.

Through an analysis of some 700 civil and criminal trial records—along with census data, military reports, church records, and other sources—Shelton describes how courtroom encounters were conditioned by an Iberian legal legacy; brutal ethnic violence; emerging liberal ideas about trade, citizenship, and property rights; and a growing recognition that honor—buenas costumbres—was dependent more on conduct than on bloodline. For Tranquility and Order offers new insight into a legal system too often characterized as inept as it provides a unique gender analysis of family relations on the frontier.

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