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Looking Like the Enemy
Japanese Mexicans, the Mexican State, and US Hegemony, 1897-1945
By Jerry García
264 pp. / 6.00 x 9.00 / 2014
Cloth (978-0-8165-3025-0) [s]
Related Interest
  - History
  - Latin American Studies

At the beginning of the twentieth century, thousands of Japanese citizens sought new opportunities abroad. By 1910, nearly ten thousand had settled in Mexico. Over time, they found work, put down
Looking Like the Enemy deserves a wide reception from scholars and students examining Mexican, Asian American (in the hemispheric sense), and immigration histories.

—International Migration Review

Looking Like the Enemy will become the standard text in the field on the topic of the Japanese in Mexico. There's nothing like it.

—Robert Chao Romero, author of The Chinese in Mexico, 1882-1940

One of the great strengths of this book is the social histories of Japanese and Japanese Mexicans.

—Ben Fallaw, author of Forced Marches: Soldiers and Military Caciques in Modern Mexico

roots, and raised families. But until now, very little has been written about their lives. Looking Like the Enemy is the first English-language history of the Japanese experience in Mexico.

Japanese citizens were initially lured to Mexico with promises of cheap and productive land in Chiapas. Many of the promises were false, and the immigrants were forced to fan out across the country, especially to the lands along the US border. As Jerry García reveals, they were victims of discrimination based on "difference," but they also displayed "markers of whiteness" that linked them positively to Europeans and Americans, who were perceived as powerful and socially advanced. And, García reports, many Mexicans looked favorably on the Japanese as hardworking and family-centered.

The book delves deeply into the experiences of the Japanese on both sides of the border during World War II, illuminating the similarities and differences in their treatment. Although some Japanese Mexicans were eventually interned (at the urging of the US government), in general the fear and vitriol that Japanese Americans encountered never reached the same levels in Mexico.

Looking Like the Enemy is an ambitious study of a tumultuous half-century in Mexico. It is a significant contribution to our understanding of the immigrant experience in the Western Hemisphere and to the burgeoning field of borderlands studies.

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